The history of herodotus by herodotus written 440 b. In his book iv, 39 we read about the lands that extend between persia and egypt. The internet classics archive the history of herodotus by. This region, he reports, is a sandy desert, and the sand there contains a wealth of fine gold dust. Argues against both catonsmith and gertrude thompson in the desert fayum and armayor. The earliest writings in prose had been the work of a group of. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position.
Asia abounding in men, and vast sums flowing into the treasury, the desire seized him to exact vengeance from the scyths, who had once in days gone by invaded media, defeated those who met them in the field, and so begun. Book ix is the final book of herodotus s histories and contains, among other things, herodotus s accounts of the battles of plataea and mycale, the immediate aftermath of the persians defeat in and withdrawal from mainland greece, and the siege of sestos. The histories of herodotus is considered the founding work of history in western literature. The project gutenberg ebook of an account of egypt, by herodotus this ebook is for.
Herodotus excerpts from book vii of the histories translated and edited by a. This place is called thermopylae by most of the hellenes, but by the natives and their neighbors pylae. After that, from the serbonian lake, in which the story goes that typhon is concealed, from this point onwards the land is egypt. The histories of herodotus is now considered the founding work of history in western literature. In book 3, passages 102 to 105, herodotus reports that a species of foxsized, furry ants lives in one of the far eastern, indian provinces of the persian empire.
Citations in classics and ancient history the most common style in use in the field of classical studies is the authordate style, also known as chicago 2, but mla is also quite common and perfectly acceptable. For in somewhere pretty near the lake s middle stand two pyramids that project fifty fathoms above the water and their other part beneath the water is built so. May 19, 2014 a delightful new translation of what is widely considered the first work of history and nonfiction. It is the oldest book we have where a person we would call white talks at length about blackskinned people. From the editor of the widely praised the landmark thucydides, a new landmark edition of the histories by herodotus. Preparers note this text was prepared from an edition dated 1890, published by. His family fled halicarnassus in the chaotic years after the grecopersian wars 499448 b. The lake is called, properly enough, the mother of the hypanis. Asia abounding in men, and vast sums flowing into the treasury, the desire seized him to exact vengeance from the scyths, who had once in days gone by invaded media, defeated those who met them in the field, and so begun the quarrel. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Delphi complete works of herodotus illustrated delphi ancient classics book 12 kindle. Part of a complete english translation of herodotus. Histories by herodotus translated by george rawlinson book 2 euterpe.
I think too that those egyptians who dwell below the lake of moiris and. Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 2. Summary of and commentary on herodotus histories, book 7, 2015 your bibliography. He seems to have travelled widely throughout the mediterranean world, including egypt, africa, the area around the black sea and throughout many greek citystates, of both the mainland and the islands. Herodotus 79 by herodotus meet your next favorite book. Herodotus has a wonderful, gossipy style that makes reading these histories more fun than studying the rise of the persian empire and its clash with greecehowever, thats exactly what readers will do in this engaging history, which is full of interesting digressions and asides. Written in 440 bc in the ionic dialect of classical greek, the histories serves as a record of the ancient traditions, politics, geography, and clashes of various cultures that were known in western asia, northern africa and greece at that time. Unlike other ancient writers such as homer, earlier, or virgil, later, herodotus does not attribute his narrative to divine sources, nor call on such for assistance, but announces clearly that this is his work and no others. Book ix is the final book of herodotuss histories and contains, among other things, herodotuss accounts of the battles of plataea and mycale, the immediate aftermath of the persians defeat in and withdrawal from mainland greece, and the siege of sestos. Herodotus was a greek writer and geographer credited with being the first historian.
Herodotus excerpts from book vii of the histories translated. After the taking of babylon, an expedition was led by darius into scythia. Now the region which lies between the city of ienysos on the one hand and mount casion and the serbonian lake on the other, which is of no small extent but as much as a three days journey, is grievously destitute of. The histories herodotus translated by george rawlinson book 1 these are the researches of herodotus of halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from decay the remembrance of what men have done, and of preventing the great and wonderful actions of the greeks and the barbarians from. Nevertheless, this was a revolutionary text, and as a result, it earned herodotus his place in history. Godley loeb classical library edition, 4 volumes in greek and english.
Melpomene after the taking of babylon, an expedition was led by darius into scythia. The hypanis, rising here, during the distance of five days navigation is a shallow stream, and the water sweet and pure. Cicero called herodotus the father of history, and his only work, the histories, is considered the first true piece of historical writing in western literature. The lake is situated lengthwise toward the north and south and is in depth, where it itself is its deepest, fifty fathoms and that it is made by hand and dug, it itself makes clear. In the lifetime of herodotus the writing of history, and indeed of prose of any sort, was still something of a novelty. After a short digression on thracian customs, herodotus tells us about megabazus conquest of thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern macedonia. Life little is known about the early life of herodotus hehrahduhtuhs, the son of lyxes and dryo. Herodotus was an ancient greek historian who was born in halicarnassus in the persian empire modernday bodrum, turkey.
Written in 440 bc in the ionic dialect of classical greek, the histories. Herodotus book also contains ethnographic descriptions of the peoples that the persians have conquered, fairy tales, gossip, and legends. The fayum in egypt and the lake of moeris in herodotus. He was born around 490 bc in halicarnassus, on the southwest coast of asia minor. In the lifetime of herodotus the writing of history, and indeed of. Cassandane had died in the lifetime of cyrus, who had made a great mourning for her at her death, and had commanded all the subjects of his. Erato aristagoras, the author of the ionian revolt, perished in the way which i have described.
Herodotus portrays the conflict as one between the forces of slavery the persians on the one hand, and freedom. So its fitting that, through herodotus book, the english patient reveals his own history. The only piece of work known to have been produced by herodotus is the histories. Herodotus claims to have traveled extensively around the ancient world, conducting interviews and collecting stories for his book, almost all of which covers territories of the persian empire. This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923.
Even in his digressions and there are many throughout the book the descriptions of the lands, the people, the battles, customs, offer rich detail and insight to what it was like to be living 2500 years ago during the greek and persian wars. Three things set him apart from the way whites talk about blacks in our time. Justification of herodotus by the recent researches of mr cope whitehouse cope whitehouse on. The history of herodotus translated into english by g. Herodotus, the histories, book 1, chapter 1, section 0. So, of course, you can imagine how delighted i was when it was reduced in price ive already read part of this book its a fantastic piece of writing. The internet classics archive the history of herodotus. At the beginning of the histories, herodotus sets out his reasons for writing it. I am required to study herodotus the histories for my a2 ancient history course, and had intended to buy it on my kindle so that i could study it in my own time prior to my return in september this year. Mar 27, 2018 herodotus once refused to read his book to a crowd until there was ample cloud cover to shade him on the platform. Aristagoras accordingly, after having caused ionia to revolt, thus brought his life to an end. Being the second book of the famous history of herodotus london. Herodotus has 366 books on goodreads with 124580 ratings.
It persists today as a smaller saltwater lake called birket qarun. He is known for having written the book the histories greek. The history of herodotus by herodotus, part of the internet classics archive. An account of egypt, by herodotus project gutenberg. Lake moeris and the labyrinth of egypt book, 1985 your list has reached the maximum number of items. Feb 20, 2015 herodotus, a greek historian, wrote a history of the known world 2,440 years ago. The histories also stands as one of the earliest accounts of the rise of the persian empire, as well as the events and causes of the grecopersian wars between the achaemenid empire and the greek citystates in the 5th century bc. Compelled by his desire to prevent the traces of human events from being erased by time, herotodus recounts the incidents preceding and following the persian wars. Meanwhile histiaeus, tyrant of miletus, who had been allowed by darius to leave susa, came down to sardis. On his arrival, being asked by artaphernes, the sardian satrap, what he. The writing of herodotuss great work, the histories the name is simply a.
Here are presented the results of the enquiry carried out by herodotus of halicarnassus. Adolf kirchhoff, indeed, is my only predecessor in the compositional analysis of herodotus whose work has stood the test of time. In prehistory, it was a freshwater lake, with an area estimated to vary between 1,270 km. Furthermore, they resolved to leave a memorial of themselves in common, and in pursuance of this resolve they made a labyrinth, a little above lake moeris, and situated near what is called the city of the crocodiles. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages. This site was created by awardwinning author holly tucker, who also served as editorinchief, and ran for over 9 years 20082017. Almasy keeps this book with him everywhere he goes, a fat volume that could explode at any moment like george costanzas wallet.63 1010 1203 1245 887 201 135 1343 224 762 181 232 652 436 867 544 178 85 1011 1454 1064 728 1336 1159 573 408 1002 415 727 1160 333 531 784 1225 1146 300 26 6 1312 580 319 928 1276 1387 168 1194 368 45