The contribution of this study comes at the time when south africa is facing high levels of unemployment and is in dire need to find policies that will curb unemployment and ensure a sustainable growth. Graduate unemployment, higher education access and success. Jun 30, 2017 data compiled by statssa earlier this month revealed that south africas jobless rate is now at a 14year high. The challenging problem of labour and youth education.
Youth unemployment in south africa lam, leibrandt and mlatsheni point out that south africa is an important case study for youth unemployment, although research on youth unemployment in south africa is new. Quarterly labour force survey, quarter 1, 2017 1 introduction the quarterly labour force survey qlfs is a householdbased sample survey conducted by statistics south africa stats sa. Graduate employability in subsaharan africa what we know employability can be defined as the possession of relevant knowledge, skills and other attributes that facilitate the gaining and maintaining of worthwhile employment. Sep 19, 2017 at the same time, however, the rising unemployment statistics in south africa, and africa in general, cast many questions as to whether universities adequately prepare students for the job market. Calls have been made for studies that focus on understanding both extrinsic and intrinsic goals of students in obtaining. Revisiting graduate unemployment in south africa 71point4.
October 2017 this document is an output from a project cofunded by the uk department for international. In other words, the graduates are sensitive to the fluctuation of expected return after graduation, and flexible market conditions affect the. Introduction following 20072008 global financial crisis, the main risks and challenges facing the global economy is persisting unemployment, poverty and inequality in developed and developing countries. Alexander 2010 claimed that the numerous protests concerned service delivery and against uncaring, selfserving, and corrupt leaders of municipalities. While this is slightly lower than the global youth unemployment rate of 12. Unemployment is one of the triple challenges facing south africa. The graduate unemployment rate is still lower than the. Since the beginning of the 2000s, a few studies focused particularly on youth and graduate unemployment, but there has been a lack of research in this area in recent years.
Land is the major issue but when the government talks about building a new city this does not solve the major problem for the unemployed because these jobs will only be created for the unemployed in the area they want to build. In the banking sector, oluwajodu, greyling, blaauw and kleynhans 2015 revealed that graduate unemployment in south africa was a result of employers perceptions of the institutions attended by. Youths account for 60% of all of africa s jobless, according to the world bank. In the third quarter of 2017, 30% of south africas 10. There is broad consensus that youth unemployment in south africa is critical, with latest figures confirming that one half of young people 1534 years are.
In south africa, the government is awarding bursaries to previously disadvantaged individuals to further their studies nkosi, 2014. Speaking at this years africa transformation forum in kigali, he said it is time the private sector works with governments to bring this canker to an end, saying. Reducing unemployment rate in south africa through. Graduate unemployment, economic growth, eastern cape.
Graduate unemployment fx,u,sgm 1 in terms of individual components, graduate unemployment can be a function of expectation e, uncertainty u, and searching costs s. The study proceeded with an analysis the statistics south africa 19952010 labour survey. A qualitative study of the impact of unemployment in. Graduate unemployment and higher education institutions in south. Is there a graduate unemployment problem in south africa. In late 2017, the unemployment rate in most of these. Graduate unemployment isproblematic, because it wastes scarce human capital, which is. Applications are been invited for internship programs in south africa for unemployed graduates 2020, worthy of noting the listed eligibility criteria which will determine qualification or disqualification of applicants for the program.
The unemployment rate among adults aged 3564 years was 18,0% during this period, while the employmenttopopulation ratio and labour force participation rate were 57,4% and 70,0%, respectively, for this group. In 2019, the unemployment rate in south africa was around 27. In the context of south africas socioeconomic challenges, higher education he has. What drives youth unemployment and what interventions help. The growth in employment by 144 000, was offset by the growth in the number of jobseekers by 433 000 driving the unemployment rate to 27,7% in the first quarter of 2017. Perspectives from the banking sector article pdf available in sa journal of human resource management 1 march 2015 with 14,249 reads. Graduate unemployment, higher education access and success, and teacher production in south africa by hendrik van broekhuizen dissertation presented for the. This statistic shows the unemployment rate in south africa from 1999 to 2019.
This definition established graduate unemployment as a specific type of unemployment among people with academic degree from higher. Hence, this dissertation aims to fill some gap in the available research by investigating the extent, nature and causes of graduate unemployment in south africa. South africas real unemployment rates graduates vs. In south africa the youth graduate unemployment rate stood at 25. American international journal of contemporary research vol. The results from the analysis reveal that graduate unemployment in south africa is not rising signi.
The study proceeded with an analysis the statistics south africa. Four tables that show south africas employment problem in. A tertiary qualification did make it a bit easier to get a job, however, in south africas current economic climate, unemployment was growing, hitting as high as 27% some months ago, which. At the same time, however, the rising unemployment statistics in south africa, and africa in general, cast many questions as to whether universities adequately prepare students for the job market. Reducing unemployment rate in south africa through establishment of graduate internship programmes gip junior mabiza, member, iaeng, pathiswa mahlalela, and charles mbohwa g proceedings of the international multiconference of engineers and computer scientists 2017 vol ii, imecs 2017, march 15 17, 2017, hong kong isbn. This report explores some of the linkages between growth, poverty, inequality and the labour market in postapartheid south africa. In your view, what are the causes of youth unemployment and what should. According to statistics south africa, the unemployment rate in south africa increased to 27,7% in the first quarter of 2017 from 26,5% in the previous period. Pdf on nov 20, 2015, faith oluwajodu and others published graduate. The results for the years prior to this have been calculated using the 2014 lfs weights.
A study investigating the impact on graduate unemployment in. According to data from the international labour organisation ilo in subsaharan africa, the youth unemployment rate hovers around 12 percent. Exceedingly difficult for unemployed youth to exit unemployment. Department of sociology faculty of the social sciences ekiti state university adoekiti, nigeria. Im from south africa and we just had our sona state of the nation address and 7 key points has been named as important.
It is no secret that south african youth are facing massive challenges in terms of their education, employment, and career growth. This demand for higherskilled labour stands in strong contrast to the reality of the majority of young people in south africa. This is according to the higher education and skills in south africa report released by statistics south africa the report, which uses data from the general household survey ghs 2017, indicates that only 33,8% of youth aged 1824 were attending educational institutions. However, the internship programme for unemployed graduates is just for you. The national research foundation nrf is responsible for the management of the dstnrf internship programme in which unemployed science, engineering and technology set graduates and postgraduates including those in social sciences and humanities are offered an opportunity to acquire practical work experience through mentoring and exposure to a. Graduate unemployment in south africa is an exaggerated problem. A degree and deep desire to work isnt always enough in sa. Graduate programs curb youth unemployment itonline. The state of the economy is a large contributor to these numbers. It is the highest jobless rate since q3 2017, as the number of unemployed went up by 62 thousand to 6. South africa has a serious unemployment problem, particularly among young people. Graduate unemployment isproblematic, because it wastes scarce human capital, which is detrimental to the economy inthe long run. South africa is experiencing growth in its graduate labour force, but graduateunemployment is rising with the overall unemployment rate.
Many enter the labour force with minimal skills due to the failures of. Africa s jobless youth cast a shadow over economic growth. In south africa unemployment remains one of the most persistent and contentious. South africa is facing the challenge of a high rate of unemployment which leads to poverty amongst many households, particularly in rural areas. Statistics south africa s results for the first quarter of 2019 showed an unemployment rate of 31% among graduates up to the age of 24.
In north africa, the youth unemployment rate is 25% but is even greater in botswana, the republic of the congo. Perceptions of factors that affect employability amongst a. Four tables that show south africas employment problem in each province. In response to unemployment and poverty reduction, people in rural areas established smmes to earn a living. Graduate unemployment in india, china and europe were also considered, and it was found that graduate unemployment was not in a unique problem in south africa. Youth unemployment among graduates playing the numb. South africa s unemployment rate has continued to increase, according to statistics south africa s recentlyreleased quarterly labour survey. South africa has seen a rapid rise in the number of university graduates since 1994, and nearly all have found work. South africas formal higher education institutions every year.
I was surprised by the quotes emerging in the media coverage of a recent statistics south africa report and even more so by statistician general pali lehohlas. Among graduates, the national unemployment rate is 1. We need to build our human capital to bring about the development of africa. Black african women most vulnerable to unemployment stats sa. Just under 30% of the youth have jobs and about half of them 48,8% participate in the labour market. Paballo moerane 214563366 submitted in part fulfilment of the academic requirements for the degree of master of social science industrial organisational labour studies in the school of social sciences, college of humanities, university of kwazulunatal, durban. Higher education system and jobless graduates in tanzania. Thereafter, the possible causes were investigated, such as.
While there are extensive discussions in the media about graduate unemployment and. The world bank estimated unemployment rates for all african upper middleincome states at about 27. South africa is experiencing growth in its graduate labour force, but graduateunemployment is rising with the overall unemployment. Recruitment amongst south africa s leading graduate employers is cautiously optimistic, while competition for the highestcalibre candidates remains intense.
Higher education system and jobless graduates in tanzania lyata ndyali public administration department, zhongnan university of economics and law, wuhan abstract the tanzanias higher education institutions havent raised much of expectations the gradu ates lack the skills. A study investigating the impact on graduate unemployment. The analysis shows that graduate unemployment in south africa is not only low in relation to overall unemployment in the country, but that much of the raciallydelineated differentials in graduate unemployment and employment outcomes can likely be attributed to. Graduate unemployment, higher education access and. Quarterly labour force survey statistics south africa.
May 12, 20 the frequently reported crisis in graduate unemployment in south africa is a fallacy based on questionable research. Youth unemployment in south africa a theological reflection. Statistics south africa has released its quarterly labour force survey for the fourth quarter of 2018. Africas jobless youth cast a shadow over economic growth. Internship in south africa for unemployed graduates 2020. Prevalence, characteristics and perceived causes submitted in partial fulfillment for a master of arts, in research psychology by research and coursework degree, at the university of the witwatersrands school of human and community development. Jun 20, 2017 it is no secret that south african youth are facing massive challenges in terms of their education, employment, and career growth. Sas unemployment rate hits a year high 01 june 2017 15. Labour force participation rates rise with education resulting in graduates being 30 percentage points more likely to participate. This section provides the following headline statistics for 2017. Education statistics south african market insights. Led in rural areas within umlalazi local municipality ulm, kwazulu natal, south africa. A study of graduates experience of unemployment in durban, south africa. Not only is graduate unemployment low at less than 6%, but it also compares well with rates in developed countries.
National research foundation dstnrf internship programme. Feb 12, 2020 this statistic shows the unemployment rate in south africa from 1999 to 2019. It collects data on the labour market activities of individuals aged 15 years and above who live in south africa. The implications of unemployment in south africa have also resulted in. Unemployment is a general problem in africa and there must be a partnership between governments.
The national development plan has identified a number of policy interventions to improve youth employment. A law degree and a successful internship have not helped one wits graduate, but businesses are doing what they can to get that vital, early foot in the working door. Unemployment in south africa university of pretoria. The implications of unemployment in south africa have also resulted in xenophobic attacks in all parts of the country. Thus, results for the years mid2012 to 2017 within this release have been calculated using the latest 2017 lfs weights. The youth aged 1524 years are the most vulnerable in the south african labour market as the unemployment rate among this age group was 55,2% in the 1 st quarter of 2019. The national research foundation nrf is responsible for the management of the dstnrf internship programme in which unemployed science, engineering and technology set graduates and postgraduates including those in social sciences and humanities are offered an opportunity to acquire practical work.
Black african women remain the most vulnerable to lack of jobs as unemployment in south africa increased by half a percent in the first quarter of 2019. A tertiary qualification did make it a bit easier to get a job, however, in south africa s current economic climate, unemployment was growing, hitting as. Statistics south africa has released its quarterly labour force survey for the fourth quarter of 2018, showing that south africa ended last year with an unemployment rate of 27. Management information systemhemis, in 2017 south african universities delivered in the. This is the highest unemployment rate observed since september 2003. A systematic overview of the evidence 5 1 introduction 1 the broad definition includes those who have given up looking for work. Apr 16, 2018 south africa has a serious unemployment problem, particularly among young people.1013 253 47 249 201 701 335 750 1322 1069 1444 560 407 1053 124 1154 111 623 1147 878 1355 1451 507 1333 969 663 1320 1397 963 1480 1227